Overall 2016 Ranking Scores
Using weights of 40 per cent on Output and 20 per cent on each of the other three modules, the top three countries, in order, are the United States, Switzerland and Denmark, the same as in last year’s ranking. The United Kingdom is now ranked fourth, a rise of four places from last year’s ranking, largely owing to the revised OECD data for government expenditure on higher education. Next in order are Sweden, Finland, the Netherlands and Singapore. Canada has fallen three places to ninth largely as a result of a fall of four places in its ranking on Output. Australia is tenth.
China has risen four places to 30thowing to its continual rise in the Output rankings. The largest fall is Bulgaria: down five places to 48thowing mainly to the fall in its ranking on Connectivity. The only other change of more than two places is Turkey, which has risen four places as a result of improved data on resources.
Comparing the change in rankings over the four-year period 2013 to 2016, China shows the greatest improvement, rising 12 places. South Africa has risen nine places and the United Kingdom six places. The largest falls have occurred for Bulgaria (down ten places) and Serbia (down seven places).