In the 2013 Rankings report the four broad measures were the same as in 2012, but the country coverage was extended to include Serbia and Saudi Arabia, bringing the total number of countries in this year’s report to 50. For several other countries, particularly India, Indonesia and Malaysia, there was a marked improvement in the quality and timeliness of data.
There was also a shift in the methodology between the 2012 and 2013 Rankings. In a world with greater emphasis on communication technologies, connectivity between individuals and institutions is heavily based on online interactions. In recognition of this, two new web-based measures were included in the 2013 Connectivity variables. In the 2012 Rankings we gave a weight of only 10 per cent to Connectivity because of the limited range of the variables. In recognition of the improved coverage, the weight of this measure was increased by five percentage points to 15 per cent (and the Environment measure lowered by the same amount).
The treatment of missing data was also improved in the 2013 Rankings - the first quartile value was used to replace missing data in all cases. The use of first quartile values avoids distortions that occur when a variable has a high average value across countries for which data are available, thereby ensuring methodological consistency.
Overall, in the 2013 Universitas 21 Ranking of Higher Education Systems, the top five countries were found to be the United States, Sweden, Switzerland, Canada and Denmark.
Further details can be found in the full report, along with the breakdown of the data which formed the publication. All files can be downloaded below: